Music Player Daemon (MPD)
Short for Music Player Daemon, MPD is a very lightweight player that can run on the slowest computer you have kept unused in the shed/storeroom.
MPD handles both music management and playback and does not require a secondary client to work. MPD is designed to run from a headless computer. In other words, you are running MPD off a computer that is not connected to a keyboard or a mouse.
You control MPD using secondary devices like your mobile phone, a tablet or another computer. This secondary device is a like your TV remote control, only better. More on this at the end of this article.
Four editions of MPD are bundled in Snakeoil OS:
- v17: A very old version of MPD
- v18-dsd-rt: MPD 0.18 with DSD-RT patches applied. This supports native DSD.
- v19: A somewhat older version
- v20: Old version
- v21: The latest version
Each release of MPD may impart a different sonic signature, so pick the version that sounds best to you. There was a time when v17 and v19 used to sound very different, but I think the gap has closed in the last few months. v17 is included for historical reference (as a comparison), use v20 if you can. Do not be deceived by the simplicity of MPD, it is a high quality no-frills player and is the player adopted by many high end commercial products, including Bryston, SoTM and Chord.
If you are looking for simplicity and exceptional sound quality, go with MPD. Sonic signature that can be associated with MPD includes:
- pin-point accuracy
- very detailed
- very transparent
- heart pounding attack
- exceptional attack speed
To put in another way - MPD delivers absolute precision when playing back. MPD will tell you a lot about the recording itself. If your audio system is up to it, MPD will turn you into a super bat! You'd pick up the tiniest noise in the recording, details you have never heard before, minute details you may never realise it's there until now.
MPD supports DoP or native DSD when playing back DSD material. Modern versions of MPD (0.20+) will auto-detect DSD compatibility if you have a native DSD DAC, try setting the hardware to "Native (PCM/DSD)" and let MPD handle the DSD detection - this will do native DSD streaming.
MPD-dsd-rt supports native DSD, refer to the dsd_native_type configuration option below on how to set this up.
You can specify the following configuration options to tweak MPD. Separate each option with a ';' (semi-colon).
Use this if you want to enable volume control in MPD (this is disabled by default).
Applies to all versions of MPD. Snakeoil disables volume control by default. The assumption is to run the Snakeoil PC through an analogue pre-amplifier. if your intention is to bypass external volume control. add the following option to use MPD's mechanism for volume control.
|mixer_type||hardware||Use the hahrdware audio volume control (if available)|
|software||Use ALSA to adjust volume control|
|none||Disable MPD volume control. (Default)|
Native DSD Hack (MPD DSD-RT only)
The follow option applies to MPD DSD-RT only. It will not work on other MPD version. You also need to enable DoP in the hardware tab.
|dsd_native_type||0||Stream DSD music in unsigned 8 bits (DSD_U8)|
|2||Stream DSD music in unsigned 32 bits big endian (DSD_U32_BE)|
|3||Stream DSD music in unsigned 32 bits little endian (DSD_U32_LE)|
Snakeoil 1.1.5 (Blind Testing) and onwards supports the Tidal plugin. Available in activated editioni for now, this configuration only works with MPD 0.21.8 and above.
|tidal_token||[string]||The Tidal application token. Since Tidal is unwilling to assign a token to MPD, this needs to be reverse-engineered from another (approved) Tidal client.|
|tidal_username||[string]||Your Tidal user name|
|tidal_passwd||[string]||Your Tidal password|
|tidal_quality||HI_RES||Highest resolution. MQA?|
|HIGH||High quality lossy?|
|LOW||Low quality lossy?|
Snakeoil 1.1.5 (Blind Testing) and onwards supports the Qobuz plugin. Available in activated editioni for now, this configuration only works with MPD 0.21.8 and above.
|qobuz_id||[string]||The Qobuz application id. (See Application authentication)|
|qobuz_secret||[string]||The Qobuz application secret. (See User authentication)|
|qobuz_username||[string]||The Qobuz user name.|
|qobuz_passwd||[string]||The Qobuz password.|
|qobuz_quality||5||For MP3 320. (See Qobuz format identifier)|
|6||For FLAC Lossless|
|7||For FLAC Hi-Res 24 bit =< 96kHz|
|27||for FLAC Hi-Res 24 bit >96 kHz & =< 192 kHz|
On Screen Display (OSD)
Applies to Raspberry Pi only. This will enable the OLED on screen display. Refer to this thread for more information
|mpd_oled||[none]||Enable OLED OSD|
MPD Client - ympd
Remote apps are a personal choice so really you have to find one that suits your workflow best.
Snakeoil OS firmware 1.0.9 onwards includes a web client call ympd. To launch ympd, go to the 'Music Players', and click the label ympd in Audio State:
This will launch a new browser tab like so:
ympd - Database Scan
If you are running MPD for the very first time, you need to run a music. This step will add all your music in your music library to the MPD database.
To start scanning, this click the "Settings" button, followed by the "Update DB" button.
Your first scan may take a long time (It takes around 20 minutes to parse my 45,000 library), so please be patient. If you quit MPD while the database is scanning you may be required to do a scan again. Note that each version of MPD has it's own database. So you will need to run a scan for every version you want to run.
ympd - browse music
Click on "Browse Database" at the top navigation bar to get to this view:
Your playlists and music library are displayed in this single view. Your music files are organised as what is called the 'folder view'. i.e. how your music file is stored in your file system will be displayed as such in this view.
Click the '+' button associated with a folder to add a folder to the queue. Click on the playlist to add its contents to the queue. Here's an example of using the browser and dive deep into one of the folders. You can navigate around your folder structure quickly by clicking one of the links as marked.
ympd - queue
Click on the "Queue" button in the navigation menu to see this view. This is more commonly known as the playlist, and here is the list of music that the MPD has played, is playing, or about to play. Unlike other MPD clients, the order of the playlist can't be changed.
ympd - dirble
Dirble is created to make internet radio modern again and is focusing on giving that good experience of finding your new favourite radio station. It is a directory listing radio stations found on the Internet.
Unfortunately because of the design of the API, you'd need to install a browser extension to disable CORS. Disabling CORS is not ideal as it allows hackers to compromise your computer using a technique called 'cross site scripting'. Eventually Dirble will provide the right headers to make this work. Until then advanced users can install a browser extension to disable CORS if they like. Note that you are doing this at your own risk.
MPD Client - Folder Art
MPD has a very low footprint, this minimal overhead means things like album cover art is not supported. To work around this limitation - cover art is supported via the Snakeoil OS Web server instead. To get this to work you need to create JPG file for each folder. Unfortunately this means your albums have to be organised in folder logic (i.e. songs from the same album has to be organised in one folder, and in this folder a JPG covert art).
The covert art file is commonly named folder.jpg (and is case sensitive). This is an example of MPDroid displaying the cover art using this method:
To set this up in MPDroid, go to Settings → Cover art settings. Tick the option 'Download local cover art' to enable two options, 'Path to music' and 'Covert filename'.
Once the checkbox is set, tap 'Path to music' and set it like so, replace [ip_address] with the the IP address of your Snakeoil machine:
And in covert 'Cover filename', set it to 'folder.jpg'. Note this name is case sensitive. Also you are free to use another name if you prefer.
Once you have make this settings, exit the settings and go back to MPDroid playback. Your cover art should start to appear.
You can use this same idea to configure other MPD clients to use the local cover art. Other MPD clients are more advanced and will query the Internet to download the cover art. Unfortunately querying the Internet can be hit and miss so you may prefer to use the local cover art where possible.